Elaine Stritch rests her bike, reads a note, almost causes a riot.
NEW YORK, June 26—TOLD TO KEEP HER SHIRT ON – Blonde Elaine Stritch, understudy to Ethel Merman in the Broadway hit, “Call Me Madam,” wears halter and shorts which cause her arrest in Central Park. Today she was fined $1 and told by Magistrate Emilio Jones, “A beautiful girl like you could cause a small riot and cause a large crowd to collect by removing your shirt.” “Well,” she replied, “I was there all day and nothing happened.” (AP, 1951)
Trying to clean up my bookmarks, so I thought I’d post some of the reference materials online that I have used. They range from articles from academic journals to databases to pages I literally just grabbed an image from. Just because it’s posted here, don’t assume anything is “correct information”. There are starting points, not conclusions.
Evening Post: August 12, 1899.
"She immediately alighted, caught hold of the astonished youth, and gave him a sound thrashing, using her fists in a scientific fashion…”
I would love to know what this means.
I think that might be code for “punched him in the balls with devastating accuracy”.
History Lesson || Why Women Of Color In The 1800s Were Banned From Wearing Their Hair Out In Public
“Did you know that in late 18th century Louisiana, black and multiracial women were ordered to cover their hair in public?” My sister asked me.
“WOW. Really?” I replied.
I’d probably heard of this in one of my black studies classes in undergrad, but who remembers everything they’ve been taught? Besides, this information felt instantly relevant and I was absolutely intrigued.
With a little digging I found that there was in fact a “law” of sorts that demanded women of color in Louisiana to cover their hair with a fabric cloth starting in 1789 as a part of what was called the Bando du buen gobierno (Edict for Good Government). What these rules were meant to do was try to curtail the growing influence of the free black population and keep the social order of the time. The edict included sections specifically about the changing of certain “unacceptable” behaviors of the free black women in the colony including putting an end to what he and others believed to be the overly ostentatious hairstyles of these ladies which drew the attention of white men, and the jealousy of white women. These rules are called the “Tignon Laws” A tignon (pronounced “tiyon”) is a headdress.
Read more here.
MY SISTER WROTE THIS ARTICLE YALL ARE REBLOGGING HER ARTICLE IM SO PROUD HEYFRANHEY IS REBLOGGING MY SISTERS ARTICLE AHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHUDHIEHWUIFHOEWHOHFJIOJWJIEJOIEJWIOIE
MY SISTER: https://www.youtube.com/user/CassandreBeccai
And now you know…
The real “Lone Ranger,” it turns out, was an African American man named Bass Reeves, who the legend was based upon. Perhaps not surprisingly, many aspects of his life were written out of the story, including his ethnicity. The basics remained the same: a lawman hunting bad guys, accompanied by a Native American, riding on a white horse, and with a silver trademark.
Historians of the American West have also, until recently, ignored the fact that this man was African American, a free black man who headed West to find himself less subject to the racist structure of the established Eastern and Southern states.
While historians have largely overlooked Reeves, there have been a few notable works on him. Vaunda Michaux Nelson’s book, Bad News for Outlaws: The Remarkable Life of Bass Reeves, Deputy U.S. Marshal, won the 2010 Coretta Scott King Award for best author. Arthur Burton released an overview of the man’s life a few years ago. Black Gun, Silver Star: The Life and Legend of Frontier Marshal Bass Reeves recounts that Reeves was born into a life of slavery in 1838. His slave-keeper brought him along as another personal servant when he went off to fight with the Confederate Army, during the Civil War.
Reeves took the chaos that ensued during the war to escape for freedom, after beating his “master” within an inch of his life, or according to some sources, to death. Perhaps the most intriguing thing about this escape was that Reeves only beat his enslaver after the latter lost sorely at a game of cards with Reeves and attacked him.
After successfully defending himself from this attack, he knew that there was no way he would be allowed to live if he stuck around.
Reeves fled to the then Indian Territory of today’s Oklahoma and lived harmoniously among the Seminole and Creek Nations of Native American Indians.
After the Civil War finally concluded, he married and eventually fathered ten children, making his living as a Deputy U.S. Marshall in Arkansas and the Indian Territory. If this surprises you, it should, as Reeves was the first African American to ever hold such a position.
Burton explains that it was at this point that the Lone Ranger story comes into play. Reeves was described as a “master of disguises”. He used these disguises to track down wanted criminals, even adopting similar ways of dressing and mannerisms to meet and fit in with the fugitives, in order to identify them.
Reeves kept and gave out silver coins as a personal trademark of sorts, just like the Lone Ranger’s silver bullets. Of course, the recent Disney adaptation of the Lone Ranger devised a clever and meaningful explanation for the silver bullets in the classic tales. For the new Lone Ranger, the purpose was to not wantonly expend ammunition and in so doing devalue human life. But in the original series, there was never an explanation given, as this was simply something originally adapted from Reeves’ personal life and trademarking of himself. For Reeves, it had a very different meaning, he would give out the valuable coins to ingratiate himself to the people wherever he found himself working, collecting bounties. In this way, a visit from the real “Lone Ranger” meant only good fortune for the town: a criminal off the street and perhaps a lucky silver coin.
Like the Lone Ranger, Reeves was also an expert crack shot with a gun. According to legend, shooting competitions had an informal ban on allowing him to enter. Like the Lone Ranger, Reeves rode a white horse throughout almost all of his career, at one point riding a light grey one as well.
Like the famed Lone Ranger legend Reeves had his own close friend like Tonto. Reeves’ companion was a Native American posse man and tracker who he often rode with, when he was out capturing bad guys. In all, there were close to 3000 of such criminals they apprehended, making them a legendary duo in many regions.
The final proof that this legend of Bass Reeves directly inspired into the story of the Lone Ranger can be found in the fact that a large number of those criminals were sent to federal prison in Detroit. The Lone Ranger radio show originated and was broadcast to the public in 1933 on WXYZ in Detroit where the legend of Reeves was famous only two years earlier.
Of course, WXYZ and the later TV and movie adaptions weren’t about to make the Lone Ranger an African American who began his career by beating a slave-keeper to death. But now you know. Spread the word and let people know the real legend of the Lone Ranger.
okay no, but for real, this dude was a badass. he was basically the black batman of the wild west.
acording to wiki: “ Reeves brought in some of the most dangerous criminals of the time, but was never wounded, despite having his hat and belt shot off on separate occasions.”
here’s an article that details some of his career.
I want a kickstarter made to get the real story done.
He deserves that much and more tbh.
Awesome dude. I’m not surprised but I am sad I had not heard about him before now.
I always assumed the Lone Ranger was totally made up.
and my U.S. History teacher was trying to get us to understand why it was such a big deal that England had put a tax on colonial sugar, and he goes,
"What if you had to pay a tax every time you logged onto wifi?"
And the whole class just went
and I heard at least two people whisper “I would murder someone”
I will keep reblogging this in the name of historical science
in history my teacher was talking about the greeks and how they didnt call themselves greeks and called themselves “hellas” instead and i couldnt stop laughing because of the idea of greek people saying “we’re hella” what has the internet done to me
awww yeah, actual documentation of people who weren’t white coming to the klondike, this gets me so happy
Queen Hatshepsut of Ancient Egypt. She has a lovely smile for someone who’s been dead for thousands of years.
she wasn’t a queen. she was a pharaoh and wanted to be referred to as such. she even had her statues modeled after the male pharaoh’s statues to state her dominance and authority. she was actually one of the most successful pharaohs in all of ancient egyptian history and she reigned longer than any other woman in power in egypt.
No wonder she’s smiling. She’s a pharaoh. Not a queen.
Let me tell y’all about this chick Hatshepsut. She’s fucking awesome, you know why? Her father Thutmose I was a crazy motherfucker. when Thutmose became pharaoh, Nubia rebelled against Egyptian rule. what did this crazy motherfucker do? He traveled up the NIle and fought in the battle, personally killing the Nubian king. why is that crazy you say? Well after the fucking won, he mounted the Nubian kings body TO THE FUCKING PROW OF THE SHIP BEFORE HE SAILED BACK TO HIS PALACE. whoa, whoa, that’s one crazy mother fucker you might say. I wonder how much crazy he passed on to Hatshepsut, you might ask. WELL LET ME TELL YOU. This lady, though a peaceful one, was crazy in love with architecture. She had HUNDREDS of construction projects through the upper AND lower Egypt (who the fuck has time for that many? This lady right here.) So much fucking statuary was made that basically ALL MAJOR MUSEUMS IN THE WORLD HAS HATSHEPSUTS STATUARY IN THEIR COLLECTIONS. (Holy shit right?) We’re just getting fucking started. Following the traditions of the other pharaohs, she had a shit load of monuments built for herself at the Temple of Karnek, along with restoring the original Precint of Mut, the ancient great goddess of Egypt, at karnek, AND BUILT TWIN OBELISKS AT THE ENTRANCE THAT WERE THE TALLEST FUCKING OBELISKS IN THE WORLD AT THE TIME. HOW THE FUCK DO EVEN DO THAT (You need a ladder, buddy?)
But her fucking masterpiece (as most pharaohs were) was her damned mortuary temple. She fucking built that bitch near the entrance of the Valley of the Kings. What’s cool about this fucking building is that she fucking layered and terraced that bitch. And what good is a place of burial without….THAT’S RIGHT. FUCKING COLUMNS. COLUMNS LIKE YOU WOULDN’T BELIEVE. YOU CAN’T EVEN HOLD ALL THESE FUCKING COLUMNS.
SO ALONG WITH THIS BEING A FEMALE PHARAOH, SHE WAS PHARAOH FOR 22 FUCKING YEARS. HOLY SHIT. SHE LIVED TILL SHE WAS IN HER FIFTIES. THAT’S RIGHT KIDDOS. THIS BADASS WOMAN LIVED TO HER FIFTIES IN THAT TIME PERIOD. THAT’S JUST FUCKING UNHEARD OF. IF THIS IS ACTUALLY HER MUMMY, THEN THIS BADASS GRANNY PROBABLY DIED OF DIABETES, AND BONE CANCER THAT SPREAD THROUGHOUT HER BODY. TRY EXPLAINING THAT TO AN ANCIENT DOCTOR. (i wish you luck!)
I HOPE YOU FUCKING LEARNED SOMETHING BECAUSE SHE IS A FUCKING AWESOME BADASS OF ALL BAD ASSES.
Some more fun facts about my history wife
- One of the main functions of a pharaoh was to GET STUFF from other countries. food, luxyry goods, basically if someone else had it, you wanted it. most pharaohs took stuff by force thu battle and conquest and junk but this fine lady was all like. u know what? lets try talking to people maybe. one of her most well known endeavours was her trade expedition to Punt (look that baby up there are some mad surviving murals) and she got so much stuff, im telling u.
- lets just reiterate- one of Egypts most successful Pharaohs.
- u refer to her as a queen again ur dead 2 me
- because in ancient egypt queens were important (and had a lot of political power) but they weren’t the divine absolute ruler. Hatshepsut WAS the divine absolute ruler.
- srsly theres this big mural scene in her mortuary temple showing her mum getting impregnated by Amun-Re. he like, touches her mum on the face then BAM. baby king. hilarious.
- (p.s. if u like queens look up the ladies at the beginning the 18th dynasty like Queen Tye and Ahmose-Nefetari those two rocked)
- a big chunk of her reign was a co-regency with Thutmose III her nephew/stepson/husband (this was normal in the royal fam lmao). a co-regency is where they basically are both pharaoh at the same time and have equal power.
- a lot of historians want to tell you that she was an evil usurping stepmother that stole Thut III’s throne but most historians are SEXIST GARBAGE especially when they were born in like 1850. especially if your name is Alan Gardiner. fuk u Gardiner.
- she actually probably was protecting him from external forces who wanted to jack egypt up because he came to the throne when he was like 8
- IN FACT a v new piece of text from her recently unearthed ‘red chapel’ explicitly states that she took the throne to protect Egypt
- their co-regency was great because it meant that he could grow up balanced and then control the army while she controlled the political and architectural stuff. he went of conquering and making Egypt great from the outside, she made Egypt great from the inside
- a lof of historians think Thut III hated her but, again, sexist garbage, i mean, kid controlled the army, he SO could have killed her and taken the throne solo but he didn’t so???? what does that say????? HUH GARDINER??
- there are a lot of signs that Hatty was grooming her daughter Neferure to be the next Pharaoh after her (LADY PHARAOH DYNASTY!!!) but unfortunately the kid died rly young :(
- Hatshepsut was the best
- im in love with her
There is seriously not enough love for this fucking magnificent woman of history. LOVE Hatshepsut.
This one is where I draw the line. Today is the 70th anniversary of D-Day.
This is disgusting on Tumblr’s part, especially this joke.
“Allied casualties on the first day were at least 12,000, with 4,414 confirmed dead.”
Yes,remember their sacrifice. The thousands of soldiers who fought in the Normandy landings and lost their lives. Remember that, not some ridiculous holiday about donuts.
switzerland is my favorite part of europe youve got this bullshit triple entente shit to your left and the entire goddamn triple alliance to your right and youre sitting there just outside the battlefield switzerland does not have time for your world war 1 crap switzerland is strong
They avoided getting involved with their natural mountain defenses and the fact that, well
A HUGE PORTION of their populous had rifle training with the possible estimate of every household in the country owning a rifle, meaning that despite its relatively small official army, every citizen had the ability to defend themselves and the training to do it with.
When the Kaiser of Germany in World War I, during a demonstration of military maneuvers, asked a guest of the Swiss government what their 500,000 strong Swiss army could do against a 1,000,000 man Germany army
The guest promptly replied
"Shoot twice and go home"
To demonstrate how fucking crazy awesome Switzerland is, they also apparently have 300,000 detonation points across the country so that in the case that they do get invaded they can cripple infrastructure to prevent their enemies from using it.
i fear switzerland
We need a sci-fi or dystopian story where Switzerland takes over the world.
If you are reading this, thank this woman. Her name is Grace Hopper, and she is one of the most under appreciated computer scientists ever. You think Gates and Jobs were cool? THIS WOMAN WORKED ON COMPUTERS WHEN THEY TOOK UP ROOMS. She invented the first compiler, which is a program that translates a computer language like Java or C++ into machine code, called assembly, that can be read by a processor. Every single program you use, every OS and server, was made possible by her first compiler.
Spread the word! (Although I’ll bet there are still some dudebros out there who’ll claim she’s a “fake geek”…)
Favorite fact: She coined the term “debugging” when they had to remove an moth (an actual, living moth) that had gotten trapped in the Mark II computer at Harvard University in 1947. While referring to glitches as bugs existed before, she brought the term into popularity.
She also got the trend of personal computers going with her suggestion to the DoD to use more smaller units rather than one big one.
Please explain to me why I never knew about her before?
An Indian woman, a Japanese woman, and a Syrian woman, all training to be doctors at Women’s Medical College of Philadelphia, 1880s. (Image courtesy Legacy Center, Drexel University College of Medicine Archives, Philadelphia, PA. Image #p0103) (x)
The Indian woman, Dr. Anandi Gopal Joshi, was the first Indian woman to earn a degree in Western medicine, and also believed to be the first Hindu woman to set foot on American soil.
The Japanese woman, Dr. Kei Okami, was the first Japanese woman to obtain a degree in Western Medicine.
The Syrian woman is Dr. Sabat Islambooly. Her name is spelled incorrectly on that photograph.
For those interested, here’s more information on other women of color who attended and graduated from Women’s Medical College of Philadelphia in the past, with a focus on the Japanese-American women they accepted during the US WW2 internment of Japanese-Americans.